Category Archives: መረጃ

Freedom in the World 2014 Methodology

18728INTRODUCTION

Freedom in the World is an annual global report on political rights and civil liberties, composed of numerical ratings and descriptive texts for each country and a select group of related and disputed territories. The 2014 edition covers developments in 195 countries and 14 territories from January 1, 2013, through December 31, 2013.

The report’s methodology is derived in large measure from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1948. Freedom in the World is based on the premise that these standards apply to all countries and territories, irrespective of geographical location, ethnic or religious composition, or level of economic development. Freedom in the World operates from the assumption that freedom for all peoples is best achieved in liberal democratic societies.

Freedom in the World assesses the real-world rights and freedoms enjoyed by individuals, rather than Continue reading

FREEDOM OF THE PRESS 2014

18728Any hopes for improvements in press freedom following the August 2012 death of Ethiopian prime minister Meles Zenawi were dashed in 2013 as new prime minister Hailemariam Desalegn remained firmly on the course of his predecessor, resisting calls for a more open media environment. The government continued to wield the draconian antiterrorism law to stifle dissent, targeting both print and online journalists—even in absentia—while charges such as “outrages against the constitution” or “defaming the government” were levied against other critical voices. Ethiopia remained the second-worst jailer of journalists in Africa in 2013, after Eritrea.

While the constitution guarantees freedom of the press, the 2005 criminal code contains many provisions that limit this right, including restrictions on “obscene” communication, criminal defamation, Continue reading

Ethiopia: Transparency Group Should Reject Membership

600px-Hrw_logo(New York) – A major global initiative to encourage governments to better manage natural resource revenues should reject Ethiopia’s bid for membership due to its harsh restrictions on civil society, Human Rights Watch said today.

The governing board of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) is expected to make a decision about Ethiopia’s candidacy at its next meeting, on March 18 and 19, 2014, in Oslo. EITI wasfounded in 2003 to strengthen governance by increasing transparency over revenues from the oil, gas, and mining industries. Itsmembers include countries, companies, and civil society representatives.

“The Ethiopian government has crushed activist groups and muzzled the media,” said Lisa Misol, seniorbusiness and human rights researcher at Human Rights Watch. “Ethiopia’s harsh repression of independent voices is utterly incompatible with this global effort to increase public oversight over government.”

An earlier effort by Ethiopia to join the transparency group was rebuffed in 2010 out of concerns over a Continue reading

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2013

department-of-state-logoEthiopia is a federal republic. The ruling Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), a coalition of four ethnically based parties, controls the government. In September 2012, following the death of former Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, parliament elected Hailemariam Desalegn as prime minister. In national parliamentary elections in 2010, the EPRDF and affiliated parties won 545 of 547 seats to remain in power for a fourth consecutive five-year term. Although the relatively few international officials allowed to observe the elections concluded that technical aspects of the vote were handled competently, some also noted that an environment conducive to free and fair elections was not in place prior to the election. Authorities generally maintained control over the security forces, although Somali Region Special Police and local militias sometimes acted independently. Security forces committed human rights abuses.
The most significant human rights problems included: restrictions on freedom of expression and Continue reading

የ 2013 የዓለም የሰብአዊ መብቶች ሁኔታ ሪፖርት፡- ኢትዮጵያ

600px-Hrw_logoኢትዮጵያን ለረጅም ዓመታት በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት የመሩትና ሰፊ ስልጣን የነበራቸው መለስ ዜናዊ በነሃሴ ወር በድንገት መሞት በሃገር ውስጥም ሆነ በኢትዮጵያ ዓለማቀፍ አጋሮች ዘንድ የሀገሪቱን ፖለቲካዊ ሽግግር የሚመለከቱ ጥያቄዎችንና አጠራጣሪ ሁኔታዎችን አስነስቶ ነበር።በኢትዮጵያ ያለው የሰብአዊ መብቶች አያያዝ በተለይ ካለፉት ጥቂት ዓመታት ወዲህ እየከፋ ሄዷል።አዲሱ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ በመስከረም ወር ስልጣኑን የተረከቡ ቢሆንም መንግስት በርሳቸው አመራር ሰብአዊ መብቶችን የሚመለከቱ ለውጦች ያደርግ ወይስ አያደርግ እንደሆነ ገና የሚታይ ነው።

እ.ኤ.አ በ2012ም የኢትዮጵያ ባለስልጣናት መሰረታዊ የሆኑትን ሃሳብን በነጻ የመግለጽ፣ የመደራጀት እና የመሰብሰብ መብቶች በጥብቅ መገደባቸውን ቀጥለዋል።ለኣሻሚ ትርጉሞች በተጋለጠውና በ2002 ዓ.ም በወጣው የሀገሪቱ የጸረ ሽብርተኝነት ሕግ 30 ጋዜጠኞችና የተቃዋሚ ፖለቲካ ፓርቲ አባላት ተከሰው ተፈርዶባቸዋል።በዋና ከተማዪቱ አዲስ አበባ እና በኦሮሚያ ክልል የእስልምና እምነት ተከታዮች ላካሄዷቸው የተቃውሞ ሰልፎች Continue reading

Freedom House

Internet_Freedom_Sub_saharan

Ethiopia has one of the lowest rates of internet and mobile telephone penetration in the world, as meager infrastructure, a government monopoly over the telecom sector, and obstructive telecom policies have notably hindered the growth of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in the country. Despite low access, the government maintains a strict system of controls over digital media, making Ethiopia the only country in Sub-Saharan Africa to implement nationwide internet filtering. Such a system is made possible by the state’s monopoly over the country’s only telecom company, Ethio Telecom, which returned to government control after a two-year management contract with France Telecom expired in December 2012. In addition, the government’s implementation of deep- Continue reading

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL End stifling of peaceful protests

 

PUBLIC STATEMENT

5 September 2013

AI Index: AFR 25/003/2013

Ethiopia: End stifling of peaceful protests

Amnesty International is concerned that the rights to freedom of expression, association and

assembly are once again under attack in Ethiopia. Two political opposition parties have

reported to Amnesty International the arrests of many of their members in various locations

around the country in recent weeks, in relation to efforts to hold peaceful protests. Continue reading

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