Category Archives: መረጃ

WORLD REPORT 2013

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The sudden death in August 2012 of Ethiopia’s long-serving and powerful prime minister, Meles Zenawi, provoked uncertainty over the country’s political transition, both domestically and among Ethiopia’s international partners. Ethiopia’s human rights record has sharply deteriorated, especially over the past few years, and although a new prime minister, Hailemariam Desalegn, took office in September, it remains to be seen whether the government under his leadership will undertake human rights reforms.

Ethiopian authorities continued to severely restrict basic rights of freedom of expression, association, and assembly in 2012. Thirty journalists and opposition members were convicted under the country’s vague Anti-Terrorism Proclamation of 2009.The security forces responded to protests by the Muslim community in Oromia and Continue reading

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Freedom House 2012 Report

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Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa, but poor infrastructure and a government monopoly over the telecommunications sector have notably hindered the growth of information and communication technologies (ICTs). Consequently, Ethiopia has one of the lowest rates of internet and mobile telephone penetration on the continent. Despite low access, the government maintains a strict system of controls and is the only country in Sub-Saharan Africa to implement nationwide internet filtering.

In 2011, in the wake of the Arab Spring protests in the Middle East and several online calls for similar demonstrations in Ethiopia,[1] the government reacted by strengthening internet censorship and carrying Continue reading

Ethiopia: Terrorism Law Decimates Media

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(Nairobi) – The Ethiopian government should mark World Press Freedom Day, on May 3, 2013, by immediately releasing all journalists jailed under the country’s deeply flawed anti-terrorism law. On May 2, 2013, the Supreme Court upheld an 18-year sentence under the anti-terrorism law for Eskinder Nega Fenta, a journalist and blogger who received the 2012 PEN Freedom to Write Award.

Eleven journalists have been convicted and sentenced since 2011 under Ethiopia’s repressive anti-terrorism law, including six in absentia. Three of the eleven are currently in prison. Two other journalists are currently on trial under the anti-terrorism law. Another journalist, Temesgen Desalegn, the editor of the now defunct independent magazine Feteh, is on trial for three offenses under the criminal code.

“Ethiopia’s journalists shouldn’t be spending World Press Freedom Day in jail on trumped-up terrorism Continue reading

ETHIOPIA 2012 HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

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Ethiopia is a federal republic. On August 20, Prime Minister Meles Zenawi died. The ruling Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) elected then deputy prime minister Hailemariam Desalegn to take Meles’s place as chairman of the party. The EPRDF subsequently nominated him for the post of prime minister. On September 21, parliament elected Hailemariam as prime minister. In national parliamentary elections in 2010, the EPRDF and affiliated parties won 545 of 547 seats to remain in power for a fourth consecutive five-year term. Although the relatively few international officials allowed to observe the elections concluded technical aspects of the vote were handled competently, some also noted that an environment conducive to free and fair elections was not in place prior to the election.

Security forces generally reported to civilian authorities; however, there were instances in which special police and local militias acted independently of civilian control. Continue reading

የአፋር ከፍተኛ ባለስልጣናት ሽኩቻ ቀጥሎአል

ሚያዚያ ፭ (አምስት) ቀን ፳፻፭ ዓ/ም

ኢሳት ዜና:-ከክልሉ የደረሰን መረጃ እንደሚያመለክተው የአብዴፓ የድርጅት ጉዳይ ሃላፊ ከፕሬዚዳንቱ ከአቶ አሊ ሴሮ ጋር በፈጠሩት የፖለቲካ ውዝግብ ከስልጣን እንዲወርዱ  ከተደረጉ በሁዋላ ከእርሳቸው ጀርባ በመሆን ፕሬዚዳንቱን ከስልጣን ለማውረድ ይሰራሉ የተባሉት ምክትል ፕሬዚዳንቱ እና የትምህርት ቢሮ ሀላፊው  አቶ አወል ወግሪስ ከስልጣን ተባረዋል።

በግምገማው ወቅት አቶ አባይ ጸሀየ በስፍራው ተገኝተው  ከአቶ አሊሴሮ ጋር በመቆም ፕሬዚዳንቱን ይቃወማሉ የተባሉትን ባለስልጣናት እንዲባረሩ አድርገዋል።

ምክትል ፕሬዚዳንቱ አቶ አወል ወገሪስ ማስተሰርስ ዲግሪ የነበራቸው ናቸው። ፕሬዘዳንቱ አቶ አሊ ሴሮ በበኩላቸው የአንደኛ ደረጃ ትምህርታቸውን አልጨረሱም።

አቶ አሊ ሴሮ ላለፉት 17 አመታት በስልጣን ላይ ቢቆዩም፣ የክልሉ ህዝብ ሲፈናቀልና በህወሀት መራሹ መንግስት ከፍተኛ በደል ሲደርስበት እርምጃ አልወሰዱም በሚል ከውስጣቸው ተቃውሞ ተነስቶባቸው እንደነበር መዘገባችን ይታወሳል።

World Report 2012: Ethiopia

Events of 2011

Ethiopian authorities continued to severely restrict basic rights of freedom of expression, association, and assembly. Hundreds of Ethiopians in 2011 were arbitrarily arrested and detained and remain at risk of torture and ill-treatment.

Attacks on political opposition and dissent persisted throughout 2011, with mass arrests of ethnic Oromo, including members of the Oromo political opposition in March, and a wider crackdown with arrests of journalists and opposition politicians from June to September 2011.  Continue reading

World Bank: Investigate ‘Development’ Project Abuses

hrw(Washington, DC) – The World Bank’s board should support an internal investigation into allegations of abuse linked to a World Bank project in Ethiopia, Human Rights Watch said today.

The Inspection Panel, the World Bank’s independent accountability mechanism, has recommended aninvestigation into whether it has violated its policies in a project linked to the Ethiopian government’s resettlement program, known as “villagization.” Villagization involves the forced relocation of some 1.5 million Ethiopians, including indigenous and other marginalized peoples, and has been marred by violence. The board is scheduled to meet on March 19, 2013, to consider the Inspection Panel’s recommendation.

“The World Bank’s president and board need to let the Inspection Panel do its job and answer the critical questions that have been raised by Ethiopians affected by this project,” said Jessica Evans, senior international financial institutions advocate at Human Rights Watch. “If the World Bank doesn’t support this investigation, its Ethiopia program will continue to be shadowed by controversy.” Continue reading

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